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Plasma-surface Interactions and Plasma Technologies Laboratory

Contract number
14.Y26.31.0008
Time span of the project
2014-2018
Head of the laboratory

As of 30.01.2020

40
Number of staff members
155
scientific publications
8
Objects of intellectual property
General information
Name of the project:  Interaction of plasma with surfaces and plasma technologies

Strategy for Scientific and Technological Development Priority Level: б



Goals and objectives

Research directions: Study of interaction between plasma and materials of thermonuclear reactors and using plasma for technological purposes

Project objective:

- Experimental, theoretical and quantitative research of the most relevant and important problems of interaction of plasma with surfaces in thermonuclear devices

- Creating a laboratory furnished with modern equipment to unite science, education, research and development

- Developing plasma technologies of industrial utilization


The practical value of the study

  • We have conducted experimental research of spraying and re- precipitation of wall material as well as deuterium capturing by re-sprayed later including in dark regions of the JET tokamak.
  • We have conducted experimental research of interaction between hydrogen and radiation defects in wolfram using thermal desorption spectroscopy, nuclear reactions and Rutherford scattering.
  • Our researchers have research features of deuterium capturing and release in high pulsed plasma flow.
  • The Laboratory has conducted experimental research of co-precipitation of deuterium and lithium in the form of films after spraying lithium and capillary-porous structures in deuterium plasma.
  • We have conducted a cycle of experiments and quantitative computations to research reverse gas release and thermal desorption of deuterium under impact of low energy deuterium ions.
  • For the first time theoretical research has been conducted to explain the effect of anomalies in output of hydrogen after a plunge in tokamak.
  • We have conducted theoretical research of transfer in peripheral plasma in tokamaks.
  • We have conducted theoretical research of impact of gas recycling on tokamak chamber walls on plasma pedestal reconstruction after edge-localized instabilities in tokamaks.
  • Our researchers have conducted work to enhance the ERO computer codes to calculate particle transport after their spraying from walls in plasma devices.
  • We have conducted a cycle of research for quantitative modeling of thermal adsorption spectrums of deuterium and helium after ion and plasma implantation into solid bodies.
  • Our researchers have conducted computations of features of deuterium and carbon condensation on wolfram and holding of deuterium on co-condensed films. 
  • We have conducted quantitative modeling of features of accumulation of hydrogen in the divertor of ITER in the presence of radiation defects and temperature gradient.
  • We have conducted theoretical research of transverse plasma transit in the separation mode.
  • The Laboratory has completed modeling interaction of nitrogen with wolfram by molecular dynamics.
  • Within the density functional theory we have conducted computations of hydrogen diffusion, interaction of hydrogen with defects and stability of radiation defects in the presence of hydrogen and helium in wolfram.
  • We have studied magnetron discharge in metal vapors and researched features of coatings applied in such discharge compared to coatings applied in classic gas magnetron discharge.
  • We have studied features pulse-periodic discharge in tubes in abnormal moldering discharge.
  • We have conducted experimental research of desorption of nitrogen from steels after plasmonic nitrogenation.
  • We have conducted experimental research if redistribution of doping elements in steels titanium alloys after high temperature plasmonic nitrogenation.
  • The Laboratory has developed technologies of plasma strengthening of steels and titanium alloy.
  • The Laboratory has developed technologies for creating porous surfaces of titanium tooth implants.
  • We have researcher concentrations of ions and excited nitrogen atoms in mixtures of nitrogen and hydrogen, helium and argon applied to the technology of plasmonic nitrogenation.
  • We have developed a technology of bulk modification of qualities of surfaces of porous materials in application to wetting properties and capacity if coal electrodes of supercapacitors.
  • We have studied discharges in tubes stimulated by coaxial electron beam.
  • We have developed a technology to apply transparent and attrition-resistant oleophobic coatings to protect surfaces of high energy efficiency glasses from mechanical damage and oil contamination.
  • We have created a complex for combined diagnostics of technological plasma using optical spectroscopy, mass-spectrometry and methods of gas analysis.
  • We have created a high frequency plasma device to process surfaces using spraying, pulse ion implantation during submersion into plasma and nitrogenation.
  • We have created an experimental device with three beams (mass-separated beams of D ions, He ions and beams of D neutrons).
  • We have created a device for applying coatings using magnetronic spraying with simultaneous assistance with ions, electrons and high frequency plasma.
  • We have created a device with abnormal moldering discharge to research plasmonic nitrogenation of steels and alloys.
  • The Laboratory has modernized the super high vacuum thermal desorption test rig.
  • We have created a laboratory for specimen preparation for examination after technological processing in plasma.
  • We have created a metallography laboratory to research qualities of surfaces after applying coatings, nitrogenation and modification of surfaces that includes optical microscopy methods, electronic microscopy, measuring firmness and scratch-tests.

Education and career development:

  • We have conducted 5 international conferences: 18th-21st conferences «Interaction of plasma with surfaces» (2015-2018) where about 300 foreign scientists participated, and the 23rd International conference   «Interaction of ions with surfaces» (2017) that attracted about 200 Russian and foreign scientists.
  • We have conducted 4 international schools: 1st-4th International Summer School on the Physics of Plasma-Surface Interactions (2014, 2016-18), that were attended by 250 Russian and foreign researchers.
  • We have conducted the 5th International Symposium on Liquid Metals Applications for Fusion (ISLA-2017) that attracted 80 Russian and foreign researchers.
  • 1 doctoral dissertation, 9 candidate dissertations, 8 masters dissertations, 6 bachelors dissertations, 11 specialists dissertation have been defended.
  • We have created and implemented 5 courses. For bachelors: Seminar in physics in English (authored by A.A. Pisarev), Surfaces atomic collisions (authored by Yu.M. Gasparyan), Basics of С++ programming for physical applications (authored by E. D. Marenkov), Mathematical modeling of plasma processes (authored by E.D. Marenkov). For masters: Special chapters of plasma physics (authored by A.A. Stepanenko)

Collaborations:

  • Erasmus Mundus program: internships of undergraduates and postgraduates in thermonuclear research in European universities
  • Max Planck Institute for Physics (Germany): a cycle of research to study interactions between hydrogen and structural defects of wolfram and steel and studies accumulation of hydrogen in various regions of the JET tokamak
  • RUBIG Gmbh (Austria): joint research of plasmonic chemical and thermal processing of steel and alloys
  • Institute of Surface Modification (Germany): joint research of applying complex oxynitride coatings
  • Joint European Torus (UK): joint cycle of research of admixture in near-wall regions of tokamak and immobilization of hydrogen in tokamaks
  • University of California San Diego (USA): joint cycle of research of behavior of hydrogen in materials of thermonuclear reactors, transfer of particles in peripheral plasma, impact of fuel recycling on plasma
  • University of Illinois (USA): joint cycle of research of water capacity of metallic bases by lithium and behavior of liquid metal capillary-porous structures under impact of plasma
  • Nagoya University (Japan): joint research of conditions of formation and qualities of thread-like formations in the form of floss under helium ion and helium plasma radiation
  • Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Republic of Kazakhstan: joint research of plasma-surface interaction, joint work for КТМ, Kazakhstan's materials science tokamak
  • Troits Institute of Innovative Research (Russia): joint research of plasma-surface interactions in thermonuclear devices, joint research of surface modification in plasma of moldering and high frequency discharge
  • A.N. Frumkin Institute of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry the Russian Academy of Sciences (Russia): joint research for developing a technology to process porous materials in plasma
  • Pilkington Glass LLC (Russia): developing a technology for applying transparent, wear-resistant oleophobic coatings on highly energy efficient glasses
  • High Technology Research Institute of Inorganic Materials named A. A. Bochvar (Russia): joint research of transition of deuterium into beryllium under plasma radiation

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Krasheninnikov S.I.
On stochastic heating of electrons by intense laser radiation in the presence of electrostatic potential well. Physics of Plasmas V.21. 104510 (2014) doi: 10.1063/1.4898310
Gasparyan Yu.M., Ogorodnikova O.V., Efimov V.S., Mednikov A., Marenkov E.D., Pisarev A.A., Markelj S., Čadež I.
Thermal desorption from self-damage tungsten exposed to deuterium atoms. Journal of Nuclear Materials V. 463. 1013-1016 (2015) doi: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2014.11.022
Bernt D., Ponomarenko V., Pisarev A.
Durability of transparent oleophobic coatings deposited by magnetron PVD. Surface & Coatings Technology. V.330. 211-218 (2017) doi: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2017.10.014
Krasheninnikov S.I., Kukushkin A.S., Lee W., Phsenov A.A., Smirnov R.D., Smolyakov A.I., Stepanenko A.A. and Zhang Y.
Edge and divertor plasma: detachment, stability, and plasma-wall interactions. Nuclear Fusion. V.57 (10). 102010 (2017) doi:10.1088/1741-4326/aa6d25
Pshenov A. A., Kukushkin A. S. and Krasheninnikov S. I.
On detachment asymmetry and stability. Physics of Plasmas V.24. 072508 (2017) doi: 10.1063/1.4991402
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