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Contract number
11.G34.31.0062
Time span of the project
2011-2015

As of 30.01.2020

35
Number of staff members
82
scientific publications
1
Objects of intellectual property
General information

Name of the project: Superconducting metamaterials

Strategy for Scientific and Technological Development Priority Level: а


Goals and objectives

Research directions: Creation of superconducting metamaterials and quantum devices based on superconducting qubits, research of their electrophysical properties, and development of recommendation for their applications in low temperature electronics, quantum schemes, metrology and quantum computations

Project objective: Research of properties of superconducting metamaterials based on electromagnetic microstructures


The practical value of the study

  • For the first time in Russia we have measured superconducting qubit – the main element for building quantum computers.
  • For the first time in the world we have produced a quantum metamaterial made of superconducting qubits.
  • A new type of superconducting qubits has been developed – «mirror qubits» – and a material based on it.
  • A brand new type of superconducting qubits has been created that is based not on the Josephson effect but on superconducting nanowire.
  • For the first time in the world we have researched two-dimensional arrays of superconducting meta-atoms with resonance frequencies in the microwave range and found their synchronization.
  • We have developed and analytical model of spiral resonance and researched metamaterials based on spiral resonators.
  • We have developed a concept of a new superconducting bolometer with microwave reading for applications in radioastronomy.
  • A planar metamaterial of a new type with toroidal momentum.
  • A new method has been developed for research of magnetic dynamics of microobjects using superconducting resonators.

Implemented results of research:

  • Patent for the invention «An amplifying superconductor metamaterial», authors: S. V. Eismont, S. V. Shitov, A. V. Ustyugov, granted on 30 December 2014.
  • Patent for the invention «A dielectric metamaterial with toroidal response», authors: I. V. Stenischev, A. A. Basharin, granted on 19 December 2016.

Education and career development:

  • We have organized internships of students and postgraduates at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany).
  • 3 candidate dissertations have been defended.
  • We have developed and are planning to launch courses: «Experimental and analytical methods of applied superconductivity», «Quantum construction kit: physical principles and properties» and the online course for students majoring in physics «Quantum mechanics and form modern engineering».
  • Lecture courses have been developed for students of MISiS and other universities at the Laboratory: «Superconducting qubits», «Superconductivity and its high frequency applications».

Organizational and structural changes:

  • A modern, well-equipped microwave cryogenic laboratory has been developed that consists of two fundamental parts: a laboratory room for conducting experimental research including two closed cycle cryostats, an ISO 7 class clean zone with unique devices for microlithography, equipment for microwave measurements, as well as an office room including a room for seminars and meetings.
  • New infrastructural projects have been launched: «Physical basics of modern micro- and nanoelectronics, including superconductor electronics and spintronics» (2014), «Nonlinear dynamics, entanglement and self-organization in physics and technologies» (2015), «Superconducting hybrid structures and metamaterials for elements of quantum electronics» (2016), «Generation of quantum phases in materials with spin and charge ordering» (2017).
  • The Laboratory entered the consortium of Russian organizations for forming scientific and technological premises in the field of production of quantum supercomputers and systems for quantum modeling modeling of properties of materials (2016).

Other results:

  • We have conducted the international conference «Interactions between superconductivity and magnetism in nanosystems» in collaboration with the Department of Theoretical Physics and Quantum Technologies at the National University of Science and Technology «MISIS» (2015).
  • The Laboratory conducted a series of Schmidt seminars at the National University of Science and Technology «MISIS» (2014–2018).
  • In collaboration with the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and the Russian Quantum Center we conducted the international conference «Superconductor quantum technologies» (Moscow, 2018).

Collaborations:

  • Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany), Institute of Solid State Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Russia): joint research, internships of students, postgraduates and young researchers
  • Institute of Photon Technologies (Germany), University of Crete (Greece), University of Maryland, (USA), Loughborough University (United Kingdom), Loughborough University (the Netherlands), Bauman Moscow State Technical University (Russia): joint research
  • Polytechnic University of Turin (Italy): joint research, internships of students, postgraduates and young researchers, collaborative scientific events
  • Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (Russia), Russian Quantum Center in Skolkovo (Russia): joint research, student exchange, collaborative scientific events

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Shulga K.V., Il’ichev E., Fistul M.V., Besedin I.S., Butz S., Astafiev O.V., Hubner U., Ustinov A.V.
Magnetically Induced Transparency of a Quantum Metamaterial Composed of Twin Qubits. Nature Communications 9: 150 (2018).
Kuzmin A.A., Semenov A.D., Shitov S.V., Merker M., Wünsch S.H., Ustinov A.V., Siegel M.
Superconducting noise bolometer with microwave bias and readout for array applications. Applied Physics Letters 111(4): 042601 (2017).
Maleeva N., Averkin A., Abramov N.N., Fistul M.V., Karpov A., Zhuravel A.P., Ustinov A.V.
Electrodynamics of planar Archimedean spiral resonator. Journal of Applied Physics 118 (3): 033902 (2015).
Macha P., Oelsner G., Reiner J.-M., Marthaler M., André S., Schön G., Hübner U., Meyer H.-G., Il’ichev E., Ustinov A.V.
Implementation of a Quantum Metamaterial Using Superconducting Qubits. Nature Communications 5: 5146 (2014).
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