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Invited researcher Sabu Thomas
Contract number
074-02-2018-328
Time span of the project
2018-2020

As of 18.05.2020

35
Number of staff members
15
scientific publications
General information

Name of the project: New generation agricultural agents: a strategy for construction and implementation

Strategy for Scientific and Technological Development Priority Level: а


Goals and objectives

Research directions: Agriculture

Project objective: Development of the scientific base of constructing ecologically safe and efficient forms of agents for protecting of crops form weeds and impact of diseases with targeted and controlled release of the active agent via usage of biodegradable polymers.


The practical value of the study

  • To construct new generation agricultural agents we have synthesized a batch of destructible polymers ([polyhydroxyalkanoates, PHAs) according to a new technology based on glycerin – large tonnage waste from production of biodiesel, acting upon necessity to increase accessibility and decrease costs.
  • Structures and qualities of polymers of polymers of various composition have been studied.
  • We have selected and studied materials for a mixture base that can act as fillers (clay, peat, sawdust) as well as agents with herbicidal and fungicidal action suitable for pre-emergence application to soil.
  • Our researchers has constructed a pioneering family of herbicides and fungicides in the form of compressed 3D-shapes and granules deposited onto a destructible mixture base with various sets of components.
  • Our researchers have conducted research of kinetics of release of acting agents of pesticides into soil depending on dynamics of destruction of soil base. The research was conducted under laboratory conditions with characterized structure of microbiocenosis of soil.
  • It has been demonstrated that variation of composition and geometry of herbicides and fungicides allows to crate shapes with configurable release of acting agents of various duration of functioning in soils and with configurable delivery of acting substances to plants.
  • We have created the scientific basis for testing efficiency of action of various developed forms of agents in crops of grain and vegetable cultures infected with weeds and causative agents of root rot.

Implemented results of research: Implementation of a lot of constructed experimental forms of prolonged and targeted agents with herbicidal and fungicidal action at the Department of Agrochemistry and Pedology of the Krasnoyarsk State Agricultural University where field testing will be conducted.

Education and career development:

  • One candidate dissertation has been defended.
  • We have organized internships and additional training at the Association of Engineers for Microcontamination Control (Russia), «Bio-Rus» LLC (Russia); «NPO Sintol» LLC on the basis of the All-Russian Research Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology (Russia).
  • Results of the projects are being used in the new learning discipline «Biosecurity» that was launched into the educational process in 2018.
  • Results of the project have been presented at international forums: the 9th International Conference «Biomaterials and nanobiomaterials: «Recent Advances Safety – Toxicology and Ecology Issues» (Greece), the International congress «Biotechnologies: the current state and prospects of development» BioTech World (Russia), the International Symposium on Biopolymers (China PR), the INternational Scientific Conference SGEM Vienna GREEN 2018 (Austria), the 6th Int. Conference on Natural Polymers, Bio-Polymers, Bio-Materials (India).
  • The Siberian Federal University has organized the presentable international scientific conference «Biotechnology of new biomaterials – environment – quality of life».
  • The Laboratory of Innovative Agents and Materials where the project is being implemented serves as the base for educational activities and training of students within the bachelors specialization «Bioengineering and Biotechnology» and the masters programs «Microbiology and Biotechnology», «Plant Physiology».

Collaborations:

Mahatma Gandhi University (India), Peking University (China PR), University of São Paulo (Brazil), Fraunhofer Institute for Surface Engineering and biotechnology (Germany), Tomsk Polytechnic University (Russia): joint research and publications

 

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Shishatskaya E., Menzianova N., Zhila N., Volova T., Thomas S.
Bу Toxic Effects of the Fungicide Tebuconazole on Fusarium-Infected Wheat Plants. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 132: 400–407 (2018).
Volova T., Peterson I., Kiselev E. et al.
Biosynthesis and Properties of P(3HB/3HV/3H4MV) Produced by Using the Wild-Type Strain Cupriavidus eutrophus B-10646. Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology 94(1): 195–203 (2019).
Volova T., Demidenko A., Kiselev E., Baranovskii S., Shishatskaya E., Zhila N.
Polyhydroxyalkanoate Synthesis Based on Glycerol and Implementation of the Process under Conditions of Pilot Production. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 103(1): 225–237 (2019).
T. G. Volova, E.I. Shishatskaya, S.V. Prudnikova, N.O Zhila, A.N. Boyandin
«New Generation Formulations of Agrochemicals: Current Trends and Future Priorities»// Toronto-Canada: CRC/Taylor&Francis: Appl. Acad. Press.-286 p. ISBN: 9781771887496 // DOI 10.1201/9780429433610
E. Shishatskaya, N. Menzianova, N. Zhila, T. Volova, S. Thomas.
To toxic effects of the fungicide tebuconazole on fusarium-infected wheat plants // Plant Physiology Biochemistry – 2018 – Vol.132. – P.400-407.
T. Volova, A. Demidenko, E. Kiselev,S. Baranovskiy, E. Shishatskay, N. Zhila.
Polyhydroxyalkanoate synthesis based on glycerol and implementation of the process under conditions of pilot production // Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology – 2018
T. Volova, I. Peterson, E. Kiselev, E. Shishatskaya, O. Menshikova, A. Vasiliev, N. Zhila, SabuThomas
Biosynthesis and properties of P(3HB/3HV/3H4MV) produced by using Cupriavidus eutrophus B-10646 // Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology – 2019.-Vol.94(1).-P.195-204.
A.M. Shershneva, A.V. Murueva, N. Zhila, T.G. Volova
Antifungal activity of P3HB microparticles containing tebuconazole // Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B – 2019. – V. 54(3). – P. 196-204
T.G. Volova E.G. Kiselev, N.O. Zhila, E.I. Shishatskaya.
Synthesis of PHAs by Hydrogen Bacteria in a Pilot Production Process // Biomacromol. – 2019. – Vol 20. – P. 3261−3270
T. Volova, S. Prudnikova, A. Boyandin, N. Zhila, E. Kiselev, A. Shumilova, S. Baranovsky, A. Demidenko, E. Shishatskaya, Sabu Thomas
Constructing slow-release fungicide formulations based on poly-3-hydroxybutyrate and natural materials as a degradable matrix // Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry – 2019. – Vol 67(33) – P. 9220-9231 
Sabu Thomas, Preetha Balakrishnan, Geethamma V G, Sreerag Gopi, Matjaž Kunaver, Miroslav Huskic, Nandakumar Kalarikkal, Tatiana Volova
Thermal, biodegradation and theoretical perspectives on nanoscale confinement in starch/cellulose nanocomposite modified via green crosslinker // International Journal of Biological Macromolecules – 2019. – Vol 134 – P. 781-790 
T. Volova, A. Demidenko, E. Kiselev, S. Baranovskii, E. Shishatskaya, N. Zhila
Polyhydroxyalkanoate synthesis based on glycerol and implementation of the process under conditions of pilot production // Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology – 2019. – Vol 103 (1) – P. 225-237.
Sabu Thomas, S. Baranovsky, A.D. Vasiliev, E.G. Kiselev, A.P. Kuzmin, I. Nemtsev, A.G. Sukovatyi, A.A. Shumilova, R. Pai Avinash, T.G. Volova
Thermal, mechanical and biodegradation studies of biofiller based poly-3-hydroxybutyrate biocomposites // Journal of Biological Macromolecules 2019.-Vol..-P. . DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2019.11.112
E. G. Kiselev, A.N. Boyandin, N. O. Zhila, S.V. Prudnikova, A.A. Shumilova, S. V. Baranovskiy, E. I. Shishatskaya, Sabu Thomas, and T. G. Volova
Constructing sustained-release herbicide formulations based on poly-3-hydroxybutyrate and natural materials as a degradable matrix // Pest Manag Sci – 2020. – Vol. 76 (5) – P. 1772–1785
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