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Invited researcher Guggenberger Georg
Contract number
14.B25.31.0031
Time span of the project
2013-2017

As of 15.02.2021

14
Number of staff members
572
scientific publications
4
Objects of intellectual property
General information

Name of the project: Future of carbon in natural ecosystems on permafrost in Siberia: analysis of processes and vulnerability

Strategy for Scientific and Technological Development Priority Level: ж

Goals and objectives

Research directions: Evaluation of response of ecosystems of the cryolite zone to climate change, analysis and forecasting of dynamics of vegetation and biogenous element cycles in the geosphere at ecosystem, landscape and regional levels

Project objective: Assessing deposits of organic substance in cryogenic soils of Siberian ecosystems and analysis of processes influencing carbon balance in connection with permafrost degradation

The practical value of the study
  • We have researched laws of distribution of organic carbon deposits in soils for Middle Siberia at ecosystem, landscape and biome levels. We have determined features of soil genesis in soil formation processes that lie in the basis of this distribution.
  • Databases of hydrochemical composition of atmospheric precipitation, soil waters and surface drainage of the Central Siberian Plateau have been compiled.
  • An algorithm has been developed for using data from the GRACE satellite system for researching spatial and temporal dynamics of seasonally thawing layers of cryogenic soils.
  • We have conducted comparative analysis of level of sensitivity of cryogenic soils to microbial transformation and assessed potential loss of deposits of soil organic carbon into the atmosphere and the hydrosphere as a result of permafrost degradation.
  • We have detected distinctive features of carbon and nitrogen cycles in soils of the Arctic zone of Siberia and given a forecast of amount of potential carbon dioxide emission into the atmosphere and carbon balance of Arctic ecosystems due to climate change.

Implemented results of research:

  • Software program: A program for computing pyrological description of forest management allotments;
  • Software program: A program for forecasting propagation of creeping fires;
  • Invention: A method for determining and mapping structure of soil cover by infrared range photography;
  • Invention: A method to determine quantity and nature of spatial distribution of solid atmospheric precipitation.

Education and career development:

  • 29 professionals from other organizations have completed internships at the Laboratory.
  • 4 doctoral and 7 candidate dissertations have been defended.
  • We have organized a school for young scientists and professionals.
  • 10 lecture courses for postgraduates have been introduced into the curriculum of the Institute of Forest of the Siberian Department of the Russian Academy of Sciences: «Biogeochemistry of cryogenic landscapes»; «Research of water resources by aerospace technologies»; «Modern conceptual approaches to structure and characteristics of organic substance of soil»; «Gas exchange in the soil-atmosphere system: methodological approaches, processes and features of carbon balance in cryogenic ecosystems»; «Flows of greenhouse gases in cryogenic ecosystems»; «Forest climatology and hydrology»; «Phytocoenology»; «Modern methods of biogeochemical analysis of plants»; «Biogeochemical cycles of soils in soil-atmosphere systems: processes and mechanisms»; «Modern methods of research of organic substance of soil».

Collaborations:

  • Institute of Soil Science of the Leibnitz University of Hannover (Germany), Martin Luther University (Germany), Institute of Microbiology of the Ernst Moritz Arndt University (Germany), University of Koblenz and Landau (Germany), Austrian Polar Research Institute (Austria), University of Vienna (Austria), Stockholm University (Sweden), University of South Bohemia (Czech Republic), University of New Hampshire (USA), Lancaster University (UK), University of Eastern Finland (Finland), University of Bergen (Norway), University of Bern (Switzerland), Central Siberian Botanical Garden of the Siberian Department of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Russia), Laboratory of Geocryology of the Melnikov Permafrost Institute of the Siberian Department of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Russia): joint research of processes of transformation and stabilization of organic substance in cryogenic soils, research of features of formation and propagation of deposits of soil organic substance in ecosystems of the Siberian cryozone, assessment of sensitivity of soil organic substance to potential loss of soil carbon in the presence of climate change
  • Altai State University (Russia), Institute for Water and Environmental Problems of the Siberian Department of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Russia), Johann Heinrich von Thünen Institute

Germany:

  • joint research of impact of climate and land utilization on the state of organic substance in dry steppes of the southern part of Siberia
  • Institute of Subtropical Agriculture(China): research of features of carbon exchange of hydromorphic soils of agrocoenoses, processes of stabilization and transformation of soil organic substance
  • Lanzhou University (China), Institute of Research of the Tibetan Plateau (China), Bayreuth University (Germany): research of dynamics of    vegetation and carbon balance of ecosystems of the Tibetan plateau under anthropogenic load in the presence of climate change
  • International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (Austria): research of contribution of soils to carbon balance of ecosystems of Russia and assessment of its loss due to heterotrophic breathing
  • Siberian Federal University (Russia): developing an algorithm for using the GRACE satellite systems to assess temporal dynamics of seasonally thawed layer of cryogenic soils
  • University of Erlangen-Nuremberg (Germany), International Center for Agricultural and Forest Ecosystems (Kenya): research of impact of climate change and anthropogenic load on the carbon balance of high-altitude tropical forests
  • Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry (Germany): research of vertical profile of greenhouse gases and aerosols in the boundary layer of the atmosphere in the Middle Taiga subzone of Siberia
  • University of Helsinki (Finland): research of long-term impact of wildfires on carbon and nitrogen pools and flows in Arctic and sub-Arctic ecosystems on permafrost.
  • Helmholtz Association (Germany), University of Hamburg (Germany): studies of methane emission from the surface of soils of ice wedge polygons of ecosystems in the delta of the Lena river, research of microorganisms of methane cycle and features of their functioning in Arctic waters
  • Helmholtz Association (Germany), Institute of the Arctic and the Antarctic of the Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring (Russia), Saint Petersburg State University (Russia): research of greenhouse gases flows during decomposition of organic organisms buried in permafrost, in the first incubator experiment on the Samoylovskiy island, joint research of distribution of flows of carbon emanation to the atmosphere and the hydrosphere as exemplified by Arctic limnosystems, conducting the fifth field school and seminar for young researchers «Field methods of research of features of carbon cycle in Polar regions», project of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, Arctic No 18-05-60291 «Adaptation of Arctic limnosystems to rapid changes of climate»

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Evgrafova S., Zverev A., Abakumov E., Detsura A., Prokushkin A.
Metagenomic analysis as a bioinformatics tool to reconstruct the geochemical methane‑driving processes in bottom sediments of the Yenisei River. BMC Bioinformatics 21(Suppl 20):567 (2020)
Mukhortova, L., Schepaschenko, D., Moltchanova, E., Shvidenko, A., Khabarov, N., & See, L.
Respiration of Russian soils: climatic drivers and response to climate change. Science of the Total Environment 785:147314. (2021)
Prudnikova, S.V., Evgrafova, S.Y. and Volova, T.G.
Metabolic activity of cryogenic soils in the subarctic zone of Siberia towards “green” bioplastics. Chemosphere 263: 128180 (2021)
Masyagina, O.V., Evgrafova, S.Y., Menyailo, O.V., Mori, S., Koike, T. and Prokushkin, S.G.
Age-Dependent Changes in Soil Respiration and Associated Parameters in Siberian Permafrost Larch Stands Affected by Wildfire. Forests 12 (1): 107 (2021)
Mukhortova L., Pashenova N., Meteleva M., Krivobokov L., Gugenberger G.
Temperature sensitivity of CO2 CH4 fluxes from coarse woody debris in Northern boreal forests. Forests 12 (5): 624 (2021)
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