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Invited researcher Jean Jouzel
Contract number
11.G34.31.0064
Time span of the project
2011-2013
Head of the laboratory

As of 30.01.2020

15
Number of staff members
77
scientific publications
4
Objects of intellectual property
General information

Name of the project: Earth studies. Physics of the climate and the environment. Chemistry of the atmosphere. Hydrological and carbon cycles. Greenhouse effect, change of the climate and the environment. Remote probing of the atmosphere. Mathematical modeling

Strategy for Scientific and Technological Development Priority Level: б, д


Goals and objectives

Research directions:

- Remote probing of greenhouse and contaminating atmospheric gases (satellite and ground technologies)

- Monitoring of isotopic tracer of the atmospheric hydrological cycle (sub-Arctic and Arctic regions of Siberia and the Urals)

- Monitoring of vertical profiles of temperature, humidity, depth of seasonal thawing of the active layer in the permafrost zone of Western Siberia

- Supercomputer modeling of the atmospheric hydrological cycle (isotopic versions of general atmospheric circulation models)

Project objective: Development and verification/validation of a supercomputer model of the atmospheric circulation that includes isotopologs of the water molecule as tracer of the water cycle for forecasting dynamics of climate change in Western Siberia


The practical value of the study

  • A unique database has been created that contains ground in situ measurements from isotopic tracer of water cycle in the near-ground layer of the atmosphere over the period between 2012 and 2017 for problems of verification/validation of modern modern models of general atmospheric circulation in sub-Arctic and Arctic regions of Western Siberia (55–70 degrees Northern longitudes; 55–90 degrees Eastern longitude).
  • Our researchers have proposed a pioneering method for solving the reverse problem of remote probing of the atmosphere for determining relative concentration of isotopologs of water vapor in the atmospheric column using IR-Fourier high resolution spectrometers installed on satellites.
  • It has been demonstrated that the modern version of the European model of general atmospheric circulation ECHAM accurately reproduces the observed temperature mode of the atmosphere and characteristics of the atmospheric hydrological cycle in Western Siberia both in the past (over the last 50 years) and in the current times (2012-2013) and is promising for usage in the full climate model for modeling future climate in Arctic regions.
  • As a result of comparative analysis of results of satellite and ground probing probing of the atmosphere we have determined the amplitude of the seasonal cycle of carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere of Western Siberia and the Urals characterized by relatively high power of photosynthesis of regional ecosystems.
  • The Laboratory has accumulated a database of temporal series of measurement data for the period from 2012 to 2017 concerning vertical temperature and humidity profiles as well as profiles of depth of seasonal thawing of the active layer in the permafrost zone over the key regions in tundra and forest-tundra near the town of Labytnangi.
  • The new ORCHIDEE model of the LMDZ-iso general atmospheric circulation model for describing heat exchange in the «atmosphere-surface» system reasonably represents the observed vertical temperature profiles in the active layer in the permafrost zone in the key regions of the Yamalo-Nenets region.

Implemented results of research:

  • We have developed the unique software package called FIRE-ARMS (Fine InfraRed Explorer for Atmospheric Radiation MeasurementS) for solving direct and reverse problems of transfer of the infrared range (thermal and near infrared) in the atmosphere. The FIRE-ARMS software package is used for solving reverse problems of probing of the atmosphere using data from modern IR-Fourier high resolution spectrometers installed on satellites such as the European IASI on the METOP satellite, the Japanese TANSO/FTS on the GOSAT satellite and others.
  • The Laboratory has developed an original prototype of workload for a UAV for high precision monitoring of the boundary layer of the atmosphere. The prototype has been tested at the Ural Atmosphere Station in Kourovka.

Education and career development:

  • We have organized internships for young members of the academic staff of the Laboratory – postgraduates and masters students – at leading European, Russian and Japanese research centers: at the Laboratory of Climate and Environment Studies of the Institute Pierre Simon Laplace (France), the Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (Germany), Institute of Environmental Physics of the University of Bremen (Germany), A. M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Russia), Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute of the University of Tokyo (Japan).
  • 3 candidate dissertations have been defended.
  • The Laboratory has been supervising postgraduate dissertations and masters theses at the Ural Federal University.
  • We have delivered and are currently reading lecture courses at the Ural Federal University: «Physics and chemistry of the atmosphere», «Atmospheric aerosols», «Physics of climate and environment», «High productivity computations», «Computer modeling of atmospheric processes».
  • We have compiled an educational course and licensed a new specialization – «Hydrometeorology» (for bachelors) for the Faculty of Physics of the Institute of Natural Sciences of the Ural Federal University. First students were enrolled in the program in September 2014.

Organizational and structural changes:

  • The Laboratory has organized two stationary nodes of the Russian segment of the international pan-Arctic innovative network of monitoring of isotopic tracers of the atmospheric hydrological cycle: in Labytnangi (launched in the summer of 2013) and Igarka (launched in the summer of 2013). The two Arctic stations of the Laboratory in the towns of Igarka and Labytnangi and a station in the village of Kourovka in the Urals for monitoring isotopic tracers of the atmospheric water cycle have been included into the Pan-Eurasian Experiment PEEX catalog 2018 under numbers 56, 57, and 58:

http://www.atm.helsinki.fi/peex/images/PEEX-catalogue-december13_reduced_locked.pdf

Other results:

  • The Laboratory has received a collaborative grant from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science for 2016-2017.
  • A grant from the Russian Science Foundation for 2018–2020 has been obtained.
  • The Laboratory was included into an international consortium on behalf of the Ural Federal University; the project «Surveillance system for monitoring and verification of greenhouses gases» of this consortium has received financial support from the European Union within the Horizon-2020 program for the period for the years 2018 and 2019.

Collaborations:

  • Laboratory of Climate and Environment Studies of the Institute Pierre Simon Laplace (France): joint research in the field of monitoring of properties of the climate and modeling the atmospheric circulation and the temperature mode of the active layer in the permafrost zone in regions of Western Siberia, joint projects (European project ACAHC2: «Atmospheric circulation and Arctic hydrological cycle changes», October 2015 – December 2017), collaborative publications:

1. Bastrikov V., Gribanov K., Steen-Larsen H. C., Masson-Delmotte V., Cattani O., Jouzel J., Zakharov V. Continuous measurements of atmospheric water vapor isotopes in Western Siberia (Kourovka, Russia). Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 7: 1763-1776 (2014).

2. Pommier M., Lacour J.-L., Risi C., Bréon F. M., Clerbaux C., Coheur P.-F., Gribanov K., Hurtmans D., Jouzel J., Zakharov V. Observation of tropospheric δD by IASI over western Siberia: comparison with a general circulation model. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 7: 1581-1595 (2014).

3. Stukova O., Gribanov K., Zakharov V., Cattani O., Jouzel J. Precipitation water stable isotope measurements and analyses in Middle and Polar Ural. В G. G. Matvienko, O. A. Romanovskii (red.), Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering 9680: (2015).

  • Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (Germany): joint research in the field of modeling of isotope tracers of the atmospheric water cycle using a modern isotopic version of the ЕСНАМ general circulation model of the atmosphere, collaborative publications

1. Butzin M., Werner M., Masson-Delmotte V., Risi C., Frankenberg C., Gribanov K., Jouzel J., Zakharov V. I. Variations of oxygen-18 in West Siberian precipitation during the last 50 years. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14: 5853-5869 (2014).

2. Denisova N.Yu., Gribanov K.G., Werner M., Zakharov V.I. Climate modeling for Yamal territory using supercomputer atmospheric circulation model ECHAM5-wiso. 21st International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics: Atmospheric Physics, edited by G. G. Matvienko, O. A. Romanovskii, Proc. of SPIE 9680: 96806B (2015).

  • Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute of the University of Tokyo (Japan): joint research in the field of remote probing of carbon-containing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, joint scientific seminars with partners from the Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute of the University of Tokyo, the Institute of Mathematics and Mechanics of the Ural Department of the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Industrial Ecology of the Ural Department of the Russian Academy of Sciences («UrFU/UTokyo Joint Seminar on Atmospheric Environment in West Siberia and the Arctic», Yekaterinburg, Ural Federal University, 2016–2018), collaborative projects (the grant of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science «Research of the dynamics of greenhouse gases in the setting of peat fires and emissions from swamps of Western Siberia using the method of combined satellite and ground remote probing» 2016-2017), joint publications:

1. Rokotyan N.V., Imasu R., Zakharov V.I., Gribanov K.G., Khamatnurova M.Y. The amplitude of the CO2 seasonal cycle in the atmosphere of the Ural region retrieved from ground-based and satellite near-IR measurements. Atmospheric and Oceanic Optics 28(1): 49-55 (2015).

2. Khamatnurova M.Y., Gribanov K.G., Zakharov V.I., Rokotyan N.V., Imasu R. Regarding retrievals of methane in the atmosphere from IASI/Metop spectra and their comparison with ground-based FTIR measurements data. Proceedings of 23rd International Symposium on Atmospheric and Ocean Optics: Atmospheric Physics 10466: 104666Y (2017).

  • Institute of Environmental Physics of the University of Bremen (Germany): joint research in the field of remote probing of the atmosphere using IR-Fourier high resolution spectrometers installed on satellites, collaborative projects (the Horizon-2020 program, project No 776810: «Observation-based system for monitoring and verification of greenhouse gases», 2018 – 2020)
  • Institute of Mathematics and Mechanics of the Ural Department of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Russia): joint research in the field of development of methods and algorithms for solving reverse problems of hyperspectral probing of the atmosphere, collaborative projects (a Russian Foundation for Basic Research grant for 2015–2017, the Russian Science Foundation grant «Methods of solving of incorrect reverse problems of remote probing of the atmosphere for recovering isotopic tracers of the water and carbon cycles», for 2018 – 2020), joint publications:

1. Skorik G.G., Vasin V.V., Gribanov K.G., Jouzel J., Zakharov V.I., Rokotyan N.V. Retrieval of vertical profiles of water vapor isotopes in the atmosphere based on infrared transmittance spectra of sunlight. Doklady Earth Sciences 454(2): 208-212 (2014).

2. Скорик Г.Г., Рокотян Н.В. ПО RVP-HDO (Retrieval of Vertical Profile of HDO). Свидетельство о государственной регистрации программы для ЭВМ № 2016612440 от 26 февраля 2016 г.

  • Institute of Atmospheric Optics of the Siberian Department of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Russia): collaborative research in the field of remote probing of the atmosphere using high resolution IR-Fourier spectrometers installed on satellites, collaborative projects (the Russian Science Foundation grant «Methods of solving of incorrect reverse problems of remote probing of the atmosphere for recovering isotopic tracers of the water and carbon cycles»), joint publications

1. Chesnokova T.Y., Chentsov A.V., Rokotyan N.V., Zakharov V.I. Impact of difference in absorption line parameters in spectroscopic databases on CO2 and CH4 atmospheric content retrievals. Journal of molecular spectroscopy 327: 171-179 (2016).

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Dantec-Nedelec S., Ottle C., Wang T., Guglielmo F., Maignan F., Delbart N., Valdayskikh V., Radchenko T., Nekrasova O., Zakharov V., Jouzel J.
Testing the Capability of ORCHIDEE Land Surface Model to Simulate Arctic Ecosystems: Sensitivity Analysis and Site-Level Model Calibration. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 9(2): 1212–1230 (2017).
Gribanov K., Jouzel J., Bastrikov V., Bonne J.-L., Breon F.-M., Butzin M., Cattani O., Masson-Delmotte V., Rokotyan N., Werner M., Zakharov V.
Developing a Western Siberia Reference Site for Tropospheric Water Vapour Isotopologue Observations Obtained by Different Techniques (in situ and remote sensing). Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14(12): 5943–5957 (2014).
Butzin M., Werner M., Masson-Delmotte V., Risi C., Frankenberg C., Gribanov K., Jouzel J., Zakharov V.I.
Variations of Oxygen-18 in West Siberian Precipitation During the Last 50 Years. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14(11): 5853–5869 (2014).
Rokotyan N.V., Zakharov V.I., Gribanov K.G., Schneider M., Bréon F.-M., Jouzel J., Imasu R., Werner M., Butzin M., Petri C., Warneke T., Notholt J. A
Posteriori Calculation of δ18O and δD in Atmospheric Water Vapour from Ground-Based Near-Infrared FTIR Retrievals of H216O, H218O, and HD16O. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 7(8): 2567–2580 (2014).
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