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Invited researcher Salmi Tapio Olavi
Time span of the project
2021-2023
General information

Catalysis is widely used in environmentally friendly resource-efficient technologies, which leads to an increase of the efficiency and the depth of processing of hydrocarbon raw materials. The properties of catalysts are determined by the methods they were produced. The used methods do not meet the requirements of modern technologies due to low energy efficiency of production, low activity, the selectivity and the stability of catalysts.

The project is aimed at the development of energy-efficient microwave processes of the synthesis of various nano-catalysts with deposited nano-particles of metals and in situ activation of catalytic processes, including deep processing of hydrocarbon and renewable raw materials.

Name of the project: Use of microwave radiation for the synthesis of catalysis and in situ activation of catalytic processes

Strategy for Scientific and Technological Development Priority Level: в
Goals and objectives

The project will solve the following tasks:

  • The development of energy efficient, selective fast methods of production (decomposition of precursors, soft recovery, non-thermal effects) of heterogeneous catalysts with deposited nano-particles of metals and oxides using microwave radiation.
  • The comparison of the properties and the structure of nano-catalysts processed in microwave fields with the properties of materials that were subjected to thermal activation.
  • The research of the structure of heterogeneous catalysts using physico-chemical methods.
  • The assessment of the activity of catalysts processed using various methods in a wide range of processes.

Of particular interest are non-thermal effects of a significant increase of the temperature and a strengthening of the activity in hydration reactions that were detected in the setting of microwave impact in the presence of hydrogen and is explained by dissociative adsorption of hydrogen.

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