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Invited researcher Yury Valentinovich Efremenko
Contract number
11.G34.31.0049
Time span of the project
2011-2015
Head of the laboratory

As of 30.01.2020

30
Number of staff members
101
scientific publications
2
Objects of intellectual property
General information

Name of the project: Development of a next generation neutrino detector relying on the effect of coherent scattering of neutrino on heavy nuclei for monitoring nuclear reactors

Strategy for Scientific and Technological Development Priority Level: д


Goals and objectives

Research directions:

- Nuclear energy and nuclear technologies; energy efficiency, energy conservation,, nuclear power generation

Project objective: Development of a next generation neutrino detector relying on the effect of coherent scattering on heavy nuclei for increasing sensitivity to reactor antineutrino


The practical value of the study

  • Our researchers have experimentally determined the effect of coherent neutrino scattering on heavy nuclei.
  • We have created RED-100, a next generation neutron detector that is designed for registering electron antineutrinos form nuclear reactors using the effect of elastic coherent scattering of electron anitneutrinos on xenon nuclei.

Implemented results of research: The next generation neutrino detector created at the Laboratory can be used for controlling safety of operation of nuclear reactors, for preventing emergency situations, for controlling development fission materials for armaments in active zone of nuclear reactors.

Education and career development:

  • Two lecture courses have been developed: «Introduction to nuclear physics», «Experimental nuclear physics».
  • The Laboratory has conducted 4 international working meetings.
  • We have organized 6 internships for postgraduates and young students.
  • One doctoral dissertation and 4 candidate dissertations have been defended.

Organizational and structural changes:

  • We have created RED-100, a unique experimental facility for performing experiments that have fundamental importance in the filed of nuclear physics. Students and postgraduates of 5 departments of the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, as well as of of the Kurchatov Institute and the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology participate in experiments using this facility, as well as employees.
  • The Laboratory is furnished with unique equipment including cryogenic and vacuum devices, electronic network data collection and analysis systems, a clean room and laboratory space with the total are of about 200 square meters.
  • We have created to test benches for educational case studies and scientific experiments in creation of tracking gas detector for detecting devices of the NICA collider.

Other results: We have organized an international network for cooperation in the domain of elementary particle physics, astrophysics and nuclear physics.

Collaborations:

  • Oak Ridge National Laboratory (USA): conducting the COHERENT experiment
  • LZ International collaboration for dark matter detection: preparations for the most sensitive experiment in search for cold dark matter in the upcoming decade
  • Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (Russia): experimental research at the NICA accelerator complex to search for new forms of baryonic matter using the NICA mega-science class collider

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Akimov D., Albert J. B., An P. et al.
Observation of Coherent Elastic Neutrino-Nucleus Scattering. Science 357(6356): 1123–1126 (2017).
Akimov, D., Albert, J.B., Awe, C. et al.
COHERENT Experiment: Current status. Journal of Physics: Conference Series 798(1): 012213 (2017).
Akimov D., Belov V., Bolozdynya A. et al.
RED-100 Two-Phase Emission Detector. Instruments and Experimental Techniques 259: 483–486 (2017).
Akimov D., Belov V., Bolozdynya A. et al.
A Two-Phase Emission Liquid Xe Detector for Study of Low-Ionization Events at the Research Reactor IRT MEPhI. IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 62(1): 257–263 (2015).
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