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Complex Laboratory for Research of Extraterrestrial Territories

Invited researcher Jürgen Peter Oberst
Contract number
11.G34.31.0021
Time span of the project
2010-2012
Head of the laboratory

As of 30.01.2020

15
Number of staff members
107
scientific publications
19
Objects of intellectual property
General information

Name of the project: Geodesy, cartography and research of planets and satellites

Strategy for Scientific and Technological Development Priority Level: а


Goals and objectives

Research directions: Research o surfaces and inner structures of planets and satellites of the Solar system by methods of geodesy and cartography

Project objective: Astronomical and geodesic research and mapping of bodies of the Solar system as a complex of interconnected problems of astrometry, celestial mechanics, and planetology that are solved using photogrammetry, space geodesy, cartography, computational mathematics and other disciplines


The practical value of the study

  • We have created support networks of various celestial bodies to determine geodesic parameters of celestial bodies (body shape and liberationя).
  • We have modeled the Annam's meteorite's entry into the atmosphere. As a result, the meteorite has been found on the territory of Russia in the calculated location.
  • A software complex has been created to calculate orbits of celestial bodies and modeling processes of meteorite bombardment of their surfaces. The complex helped to compute the orbit of the Annam's meteorite.
  • Our researchers have conducted morphological research of surfaces of Earth group celestial bodies – Moon, Mercury, Mars and Phobos including studying unique objects on surfaces of planets: puts on Mercury, slope streaks on Mars, furrows on Phobos, volcanic formations on the Moon and Mars.
  • We have created a fundamental cartographic work «Atlas of Phobos».
  • 2 monographs containing results of studying Phobos have been published: «Phobos Book» (Elsevier, 2014) and «Atlas of Phobos» (Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography, 2015).
  • We have completed mapping of examined celestial bodies and issued various cartographic works including works within the International year of maps that was declared in 2015-2016 and the year of Gagarin in Russia.
  • The laboratory has created a globus of Mercury.
  • We have issued a series of pin-up planetary maps of Phobos, the Moon and Mercury.
  • Our researchers have collected space images of Mars obtained by HiRISE (High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment) from the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO). Ass a result, we have created «Practical recommendations on collecting, analyzing and processing remote probing data for Mars» that are used for studying the surface of Mars.
  • The Laboratory has developed a structure of metadata to store result of research of celestial bodies of the Solar system.
  • We have created a database containing results of research of celestial bodies.
  • Our researchers have created a pilot project of geo-portal based on the example of data of Phobos research.
  • In the process of developing the pilot project of geo-poral we have created pop-science materials: a 3D model and a map of Phobos, a map of trails of Lunokhod-1 and Lunokhod-2.
  • We have developed new methods and technologies to obtain parameters of surfaces of planets and satellites of the Earth group. Created methods of obtaining characteristics of landscapes have been implemented in software.

Implemented results of research: Methods of photogrammetric image processing and assessing characteristics of landscapes are used by the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences and V.I. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences to plan future lunar missions («Luna-Glob» and «Luna-Resource»).

Education and career development:

  • We have conducted 3 summer schools for students and young professionals in 2012, 2014, and 2016.
  • The Laboratory has organized Scientific readings to commemorate the head of the preceding laboratory of planetary cartography K. B. Shingarova (Shingarova's reading) in 2014 and 2016 that featured keynotes by students and postgraduates of the Laboratory.
  • We have conducted scientific seminars in planetary cartography and data processing featuring keynotes by students and postgraduates of the Laboratory.
  • We have organized summer internships of third year students of the Faculty of Cartography (2012–2018) where the students performed works in planetary mapping.
  • We have organized internships abroad for postgraduates in TU Berlin (Germany) under supervision of leading scientist Jürgen Oberst (2014-2015).
  • We ave created practical and methodological textbooks.
  • 2 candidate dissertations have been defended.
  • Employees of the Laboratory participate in educational activities. A course in geoinformatics is read in the «MOSGORMASH» technopark for high school students.
  • Results of developing the geo-portal of planetary data have been implemented and tested in education process to train postgraduates as well as to conduct practical case studies for summer internships in cartography that used the «Practical recommendations in applying standards of metadata and describing metadata for storing results of research of celestial bodies» as well as various maps of surfaces of celestial bodies.

Collaborations: German Aerospace Center (DLR), TU Berlin (Germany), University of California Santa Cruz (USA), Imperial College London (UK), University of Nottingham (UK): joint research and publications

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Oberst J., Zubarev A., Nadezhdina I., Rambaux N.
Phobos Geodetic Control Point Network and Rotation Model. Planetary and Space Science (Special Issue «Phobos Book») 102: 45–50 (2014).
Zubarev A.E., Nadezhdina I.E., Kozlova N.A., Brusnikin E.S., Karachevtseva I.P.
Special Software for Planetary Image Processing and Research. The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences XLI-B4: 529–536 (2016).
Karachevtseva I., Kokhanov A., Rodionova J., Konopikhin A., Zubarev A., Nadezhdina I., Mitrokhina L., Patratiy V., Oberst J.
Development of a new Phobos Atlas Based on Mars Express Image Data. Planetary and Space Science 108: 24–30 (2015).
Karachevtseva I.P., Kokhanov A.A., Zubarev A.E., Rodionova Zh. F., Matveev E.V., Garov A.S.
Modern Methodology and New Tools for Planetary Mapping // Progress in Cartography: EuroCarto 2015 / G. Gartner, M. Jobst, H. Huang (eds.). Springer International Publishing, 2016. – Pр. 207–227.
Nadezhdina I.E., Zubarev A.E., Brusnikin E.S., Oberst J.
A libration model for Enceladus based on geodetic control point network analysis. The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences XLI-B4: 459–462 (2016).
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