Attraction of the leading scientists to Russian institutions of higher learning, research organizations of the governmental academies of sciences, and governmental research centers of the Russian Federation

Laboratory for the Study of Plasma/Surface Interaction and Plasma Technologies

About the Laboratory

This laboratory was established as part of a scientific research project supported with a monetary grant awarded by the Government of the Russian Federation under a grant competition designed to provide governmental support to scientific research projects implemented under the supervision of the world's leading scientists at Russian institutions of higher learning (Resolution of the RF Government No.220 of April 9, 2010).

Link to the official website of the Laboratory

Grant Agreement No.:
14.Y26.31.0008

Name of the institution of higher learning:
National Research Nuclear University "MEPhI"

Fields of scientific research:
Physics

Project goal:

To address relevant problems, both fundamental and applied, associated with plasma/surface interaction, and to develop new plasma technologies based on plasma/surface interaction.

Anticipated results of the project:

The project seeks to develop new models and computer codes required to describe emission of hydrogen isotopes from TNR materials, including abnormal effects observed experimentally in tokamaks and laboratory installations.
The project will design models and computer codes required to describe material erosion, transportation of neutral and ionized impurities and dust in multicomponent peripheral plasma in tokamaks and model installations.
Several installations will be upgraded to study interaction between ions/plasma and a surface, including an ionic mass separator, a thermal desorption stand, and an installation for co-precipitation of film with hydrogen.
The project will help upgrade the existing and create new technological research installations required to investigate deposition of coatings and modification of metallic surfaces, including an abnormal glow discharge installation, a high frequency discharge installation, an impulse magnetron installation, and an installation for pulverization of liquid phase materials.
The project anticipates solving new problems associated with development of super-capacitor elements, including current collectors and electrodes. The principal goal is to enhance the capacity and reduce internal resistance of super-capacitors.
The project seeks to conduct experimental research in gas discharge physics:
• Oxidation of large-area nanostructured surfaces within plasma as applied to creation of anodal foils of high-capacity electrolytic capacitors;
• Nitration and oxidation of steels and titanium alloys within abnormal glow discharge and high-frequency plasma as applied to increasing the durability and decreasing the wear-and-tear of machinery parts and mechanisms;
• Discharges in tubes and modification of internal tube surfaces using abnormal glow discharge;
• Magnetron discharge with liquid cathode regime and peculiarities of coatings deposited within such a discharge as applied to high-rate deposition of coatings using pulverization methods.

Leading scientist

 

Full Name: Krasheninnikov Sergey Igorevich

Link to the scientist's profile

Academic degree and title:
Doctoral degree in Physics and Mathematics, Professor

Job title:

Honorary Professor at University of California, San Diego (USA)

Field of scientific interests:

Plasma physics and interaction between plasma and materials: investigation of edge phenomena in tokamaks and other thermonuclear reactors, as well as the fundamental basics of plasma physics for the most advanced technological applications. (A tokomak (a toroidal chamber complete with magnetic coils) – is an installation designed to retain plasma inside a magnetic field for the purpose of creating conditions required for a controlled thermonuclear synthesis reaction to occur).

Scientific Achievements: 

The leading scientist has designed unique techniques and methods that helped resolve a number of problems in thermonuclear synthesis and beam/plasma interaction associated with plasma transport phenomena occurring in the presence of powerful electromagnetic fields.
He has achieved fundamental results and designed models that have been used in the development of new tokamak concepts, as well as in the development of advanced plasma technologies.
He has authored more than 250 scientific publications (he has been especially prolific in that respect within the past two or three years).

Научное признание:
The leading scientist is a member of the US Committee for Edge Plasma Theory and Modeling.
He is a member of the International Committee of the International Tokamak Physics Activity (ITPA).
He is a member of the American Physics Society.
He is a member of the Russian Nuclear Society.
He is a member of the editorial board of the international "Journal of Plasma Science and Engineering".

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