Attraction of the leading scientists to Russian institutions of higher learning, research organizations of the governmental academies of sciences, and governmental research centers of the Russian Federation

Laboratory for the Study of Archeomagnetism and Evolution of the Earth's Magnetic Field

About the Laboratory

This laboratory was established as part of a scientific research project supported with a monetary grant awarded by the Government of the Russian Federation under a grant competition designed to provide governmental support to scientific research projects implemented under the supervision of the world's leading scientists at Russian institutions of higher learning (Resolution of the RF Government No.220 of April 9, 2010).

Link to the web-site of the Laboratory

Grant Agreement No.:
14.Z50.31.0017

Name of the institution of higher learning:
The Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IPE RAS)

Fields of scientific research:
Earth Sciences

Project goal:

The project was designed as a modern world-class archeomagnetic laboratory. It is a center of acquisition of key new data about the evolution of the Earth's magnetic field in various time scales ranging from hundreds to hundreds of millions of years and utilization of these data for the purpose of studying connections between the processes occurring in the interior and exterior shells of our planet. The Earth's magnetic field as a physical phenomenon (including its historical development aspect) is an important area of cognition of the material world. Despite the rapid development of paleomagnetology over the past few decades, many key questions about the evolution of the Earth's magnetic field have remained unanswered.
Acquisition of exhaustive knowledge of the Earth's magnetic field is required:

• For the development of the physical theory of geomagnetism,
• For examination of processes occurring in all of the Earth's planetary shells from the inner core to the magnetosphere,
• For establishment of these processes' connection with the most important events in the geological history.
One of the project's main foci has to do with reviving archeomagnetism in Russia and creating a modern and actively operating world-class archeomagnetic laboratory. Studying the ancient geomagnetic field provides the basis for solution of multiple fundamental and applied problems of Earth sciences, such as stratigraphy, paleogeography, geochronology, and tectonics. Modern tectonics has emerged as a science largely thanks to paleomagnetic data.

Leading Scientist

 

Leading scientist's full name: Gallet Yves

Link to the scientist's profile

Academic degree and title:
Doctor of Geophysical Sciences, Professor

Job title:
First class projects Director, INSTITUT DE PHYSIQUE DU GLOBE DE PARIS (France)

Fields of scientific interests:

Geophysics, geomagnetism, paleomagnetism, archeology, and Earth's evolution. Examination of the nature of evolution of the Earth's magnetic field in various time scales ranging from centuries to hundreds of millions of years.

Scientific recognition:

Member of Expert Council for various scientific programs of the National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS).
Deputy Director of the Earth Sciences CNRS (1999-2002).
Paleomagnetism lab Director at the Paris Institute of Earth Physics (2005-2011).
Member of the National Council of astronomers and physicists (CNAP).
Member of the American Geophysical Union.

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