Natural Risks Assessment Laboratory
The main goal of this project is to identify the mechanisms that determine the intensity of dangerous and extreme phenomena within the coastal zones of European Russia, to identify the regions that are subject to the maximum risks of extreme phenomena, and to assess the likelihood of these phenomena as accounted for by climatic changes.
Host institution of higher learning:
State educational institution of higher professional education "Moscow State University named after M. V. Lomonosov"
Scientific research area:
To assess the factors that determine the intensity of extremely dangerous weather phenomena within the coastal zones of European Russia and to assess the likelihood of these phenomena as accounted for by climatic changes.
Key project objectives:
1. To assess the risks of natural disasters occurring within various coastal zones of Russia and to identify the most vulnerable social and economic objects therein;
2. To forecast the frequency and intensity of extremely dangerous weather phenomena in compliance with the climate changes anticipated in the XXI century;
3. To develop regional scenarios of natural changes, as well as risks mitigation and consequence alleviation strategies.
Anticipated project outputs:
1. The project will assess natural changes, geochemical conditions, and water quality upon being impacted by extremely dangerous weather conditions accounted for by climatic changes within the coastal zones of European Russia;
2. To assess regional risks to the environment, water resources, living conditions, marine infrastructure, and coastal economics accounted for by climatic changes.
Leading scientist's full name: Koltermann, Klaus Peter
Academic degree and title:
Doctor of sciences, professor
Head of the Tsunami department of the UNESCO Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission in Paris.
Field of scientific interests:
1. Oceanic currents, their variability and movement in Northwestern Africa.
2. Movement of water masses in European polar seas and the Weddell Sea in Antarctica.
3. Heating and movement of fresh water in the Arctic Ocean and the northern part of the Atlantic Ocean; changes in these parameters over time.
4. Development of the terms of reference for a climatic module of the Global Ocean Observation System (GOOS, GCOS).
5. Development of standards, definitions, operating, and climatic requirements for remote early warning systems used to monitor the northern part of the Atlantic Ocean (especially as applied to tsunami) and intergovernmental protocols that are used to control them.
Key scientific achievements:
- Oversaw scientific technical groups at DHI/BSH, organized and participated in scientific expeditions;
- Provided organizational support to projects implemented by national and international agencies, as well as the projects implemented by INTAS in collaboration with the Moscow State University, State Institute of Oceanography, and Institute of Oceanography of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1990-1996).