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Oceanic eddies laboratory

About Laboratory

Project name: 

Ocean mesoscale and synoptic eddies: role in the ocean state, variability and climate impacts 

Grant Agreement No.: 14.W03.31.0006

Name of the institution of higher learning:

P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology of Russian Academy of Sciences

Fields of scientific research:

Natural Sciences: Earth sciences and related ecological sciences

Project goal:

The main project goal is to provide a comprehensive understanding of the role of synoptic and mesoscale eddies in the large-scale oceanic circulation at the global and regional scales and in the climate variability. To achieve this goal, we propose to adopt and use best available ocean eddy-resolving general circulation models (GCMs) in global and regional configurations. In this framework specific scientific objectives and technological challenges are to be met.

Key project objectives:

(1) To analyze the mechanisms through which ocean synoptic and mesoscale eddies steer ocean intrinsic

variability (i.e., driven not by the external forcing but by the internal dynamics) and to quantify the role of

this variability in forming long-term changes in the ocean state and basin-scale circulation modes.

(2) To quantify the role of ocean synoptic and mesoscale eddies and associated ocean intrinsic variability

modes in global and regional climate variability and change and to provide improved climate projections

accounting for the ocean-related natural variability impact on global changes.

(3) To quantify signatures in air-sea energy fluxes associated with ocean and atmosphere synoptic and

mesoscale variability. For that purpose we propose to examine the coupling between oceanic mesoscale and

atmospheric synoptic variability in the Atlantic Ocean by analyzing two major effects (i) eddy modulation of

the air-sea heat fluxes; (ii) effects of atmospheric synoptic and mesoscale variability (“weather”) on oceanic


(4) To analyze the mechanisms of generation and to quantify the role of the mesoscale and submesoscale

eddies in the semi-enclosed seas (e.g. in the Black, Barents and Okhotsk seas) in transporting heat,

momentum, buoyancy, and potentially terrigenic substances and ion forming regional climate anomalies and extremes.

Leading scientist

s200 bernard.barnier 

Barnier Bernard


Date of Birth: 07.08.1954

Citzenship: France

Academic degree and title:

PhD, Geophysical Fluid Dynamics,

Job Title:

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Laboratoire de Glaciologie et Géophysique de l'Environnement (LGGE), France

Field of scientific interests:

Physical Oceanography, Ocean Modelling, Air-Sea Interactions, Climate Variability

Academic recognition:

Present Service Activities:

1 - Chair of GMMC, the national research program for the Development of Operational Oceanography.

2 – Chair of the DRAKKAR consortium.

3 - Member of the Jason Ocean Surface Topography Science Team (OSTST, NASA/CNES).

Active and recent Service Activities:

2010-present: Editor, Ocean Science Journal (EGU)

2010-2013: President of the Ocean Sciences Division of the European Geosciences Union (EGU).

2011-2014: Member of CLIVAR Global Synthesis and Observation Panel (GSOP)

2004-2010: Member of WGSF (WCRP Working Group on Surface Fluxes)

1.Akuetevi Q., Barnier B., Verron J., Molines J.-M., and A. Lecointre, 2016: Interactions between the Somali Current eddies during the summer monsoon: insights from a numerical model. Ocean Science, in press
2.Grégorio S., Penduff T., Sérazin G., Le Sommer J., Molines J.-M., Barnier B. and J. Hirshi, 2015: Intrinsic variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at interannual-to-multidecadal timescales. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 45, 1929-1946.
3. Sérazin G., Penduff T., Terray L., Grégorio S., Barnier B., Molines J.-M., 2015: Spatial scales of the low-frequency intrinsic sea-level variability: a global model study. Journal of Climate, 28 (10), 4279-4292.
4. Storto A., S. Masina, M. Balmaseda, S. Guinehut, Y. Xue, T. Szekely, I. Fukumori, G. Forget, Y.-S. Chang, S. A. Good, A. Köhl, G. Vernieres, N. Ferry, K. A. Peterson, D. Behringer, M.
Ishii, S. Masuda, Y.e. Fujii, T. Toyoda, Y. Yin, M. Valdivieso, B. Barnier, T. Boyer, T. Lee, J. Gourrion, O. Wang, P.k Heimback, A. Rosati, R. Kovach, F. Hernandez, M. J. Martin, M. Kamachi, T. Kuragano, K. Mogensen, O. Alves, K. Haines, X. Wang, 2015: Steric sea level variability (1993-2010) in an ensemble of ocean reanalyses and objective analyses. Climate Dynamics.
5. Valdivieso M., K. Haines, M. Balmaseda, Y-S Chang, M. Drevillon, N. Ferry, Y. Fujii, A. Köh, A. Storto, T. Toyoda, X. Wang, J. Waters, Y. Xue, Y. Yin, B. Barnier, F. Hernandez, A. Kumar, T. Lee, S. Masina, K. A. Peterson, 2015: An assessment of air-sea heat fluxes from ocean and coupled reanalyses. Climate Dynamics.
6. Balmaseda M. A., F. Hernandez, A. Storto, M. Palmer, L. Shi, G. Smith, T. Toyoda, M. Valdivieso, O. Alves, B. Barnier,T. Boyer, Y.-S. Chang, G. A. Chepurin, N. Ferry, G. Forget, Y. Fujii, S. Good, S. Guinehut, K. Haines, Y. Ishikawa, S. Keeley, A. Köhl, T. Lee , M. Martin, S. Masina, S. Masuda, B. Meyssignac, K. Mogensen, L. Parent, D. Peterson, Y. Yin, G. Vernieres, X. Wang, J. Waters, R. Wedd, O. Wang, Y. Xue, M. Chevallier, J-F. Lemieux, F. Dupont, T. Kuragano, M. Kamachi, T. Awaji, A. Cantalbiano, K. Wilmer-Becker and F. Gaillard, 2014: The Ocean Reanalyses Intercomparison Project (ORA-IP), Journal of Operational Oceanography, Godae OceanView special issue, in Press.
7. Djath B., J. Verron, L. Gourdeau, A. Melet, B. Barnier, J.-M. Molines, 2014: Multiscale analysis of dynamics from high resolution realistic model of the Solomon sea. Journal of Geophysical Research, doi: 10.1002/2013JC009695.
8. Djath B., Melet A., Verron J., Molines J.-M., Barnier B., Gourdeau L., and Debreu L., 2014: A 1/36 degrees model of the Solomon Sea embedded into a global ocean model: on the setting up of setting of an interactive open boundary nested model system, Journal of Operational Oceanography, 7(1), 34-46.
9. Jourdain N.C., Barnier B., Ferry N. Vialard J., Menkes C.E. Lengaigne M. and Parent L., 2014: Tropical cyclones in two atmospheric (re)analyses and their response in two oceanic reanalyses. Ocean Modelling, 73, 108-122.
10. Josey S. A., L. Yu, S. Gulev, X. Jin, N. Tilinina, B. Barnier, L. Brodeau, 2014: Unexpected impacts of the Tropical Pacific array on reanalysis surface meteorology and heat fluxes. Geophys. Res. Letters, Vol: 41, DOI: 10.1002/2014GL061302.
11. Treguier A.-M., Deshayes J., Le Sommer J., Lique C., Madec G., Penduff T., Molines J.-M., Barnier B., Bourdalle-Badie B., and Talandier C., 2014: Meridional transport of salt in the global ocean from an eddy-resolving model. Ocean Science, 10, 243-255.
12. Jourdain N. C., Barnier B., Ferry N. and L. Parent, 2013: Impact of atmospheric forcing versus data assimilation in two ocean reanalysis: ocean response totropical cyclones. Ocean Modelling, 73, 108-122.
13. Meinvielle M., J.-M. Brankart, P. Brasseur, B. Barnier, R. Dussin, and J. Verron, 2013: Optimal adjustment of the atmospheric forcing parameters of ocean models using sea surface temperature data assimilation. Ocean Science, 867-883, doi: 10.5194/os-9-867-2013.
14. Dufour C., J. Le Sommer, M. Gehlen, J. C. Orr, J.-M. Molines, J. Simeon, and B. Barnier, 2013: On eddy compensation of the enhanced sea-to-air CO2 flux during positive phases of the Southern Annular Mode. Global Geochemical Cycle, 27, 1-12, doi: 10.1002/gbc.20090.
15. Deshayes J., Tréguier A.-M., Barnier B., Lecointre A., LeSommer J., Molines J.-M., Penduff T., BourdalléBadie R., Drillet Y., Garric G., Benshila R., Madec G., Biastoch A., Böning C., Scheinert M., Coward A.C., Hirschi J.J.-M., 2013: Oceanic hindcast simulations at high resolution suggest that the Atlantic MOC is bistable. Geophysical Research Letters, Vol 40, (12), 3069-3073, doi: 10.1002/grl.50534.
16. Zika, J.D., J. Le Sommer, C.O. Dufour, J.-M. Molines, B. Barnier, P. Brasseur, R. Dussin, D. Iudicone, A. Lenton, G. Madec, P. Mathiot, R. Morrow, J. Orr, F. d’Ovidio, T. Penduff, E. Shuckburgh and F. Vivier, 2013: Vertical Eddy Fluxes in the Southern Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 43, 941-955, DOI:10.1175/JPO-D-12-0178.1.
17. Jourdain, N. C., Lengaigne, M., Vialard, J., Madec, G., Menkes, C. E., Vincent, E. M., Jullien, S. and Barnier, B., 2013: Observation based estimates of ocean mixing by heavy rainfall under tropical cyclones. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 43, 205-211, DOI:10.1175/JPO-D-12-085.1.
18. Jouanno J., Sheinbaum J., Barnier B., Molines J.-M., Candela J., 2012: Seasonal and interannual modulation of the eddy kinetic energy in the Caribbean Sea. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 42, 2041-2055, DOI:10.1175/JPO-D-12-048.1.
19. Gimbert F., D. Marsan, J. Weiss, N. C. Jourdain, and B. Barnier, 2012: Sea ice inertial oscillations in the Arctic Basin. The Cryosphere, 6, 1187-1201. doi:10.5194/tc-6-1187-2012.
20. Gimbert, F., N. C. Jourdain, D. Marsan, J. Weiss, and B. Barnier, 2012: Recent mechanical weakening of the Arctic sea ice cover as revealed from larger inertial oscillations, J. Geophys. Res., 117, C00J12, doi:10.1029/2011JC007633.
21. Dufour, C. O., J. Le Sommer, J. D. Zika, M. Gehlen, J. C. Orr, P. Mathiot, and B. Barnier, 2012: Standing and transient eddies in the response of the Southern Ocean Meridional Overturning to the Southern Annular Mode. accepted for publication in Journal of Climate, 25, 6958-6974.
22. Juza M., T. Penduff, B. Barnier, and J.-M. Brankart, 2012: Estimating the distortion of mixed layer property distributions induced by the Argo sampling. Journal of Operational Oceanography, 5, No 1, 45-58.
23. Barnier B., Penduff T., Langlais C., 2011: Eddying vs. laminar ocean circulation models and their applications. Operational Oceanography in the 21st Century. Schiller, Andreas; Brassington, Gary B. (Eds.)1st Edition., 2011, X, 450 p., ISBN: 978-94-007-0331-5.
24. Mathiot P., N. Jourdain, B. Barnier, H. Gallée, J. M. Molines, J. Le Sommer, 2011: Sensitivity of Coastal Polynyas and High Salinity Shelf Water Production in the Ross Sea, Antarctica, to the Atmospheric Forcing. Ocean Dynamics, in press.
25. Penduff, T., M. Juza, B. Barnier, J. Zika, W.K.Dewar, A.-M. Treguier, J.-M. Molines, and N. Audiffren, 2011: Sea-level expression of intrinsic and forced ocean variabilities at interannual time scales. Journal of Climate, 24, 5652–5670. doi: 10.1175/JCLI
26. Venaille, A, J. Le Sommer, J.-M. Molines and B. Barnier, 2011: Stochastic variability of oceanic flows above topography anomalies. Geophysical Research Letters VOL. 38, L16611, 5PP., doi:10.1029/2011GL048401-D-11-00077.
27. Mathiot P., Goose H., Fichefet T., Barnier B., and Gallée H, 2011: Modelling the seasonal variability of the Antarctic Slope Current. Ocean Sciences, 7, 455-470.
28. Lique C., Garric G., Treguier A.M., Barnier B., Ferry N., Testut C.E., F. Girard-Ardhuin, 2011: Evolution of the Arctic Ocean salinity, 2007-2008: Contrast between the Canadian and the Eurasian basins. J. of Climate, 24(6), 1705-1717.
29. Vidal-Vijande E., Pascual A., Barnier B., Molines J.M., Tintore J., 2011: Analysis of a 44-year hindcast for the Mediterranean Sea: Comparison with altimetry and in-situ observations. Scientia Marina, 75(1), 71-86.
30. Dufour C., Le Sommer J., Penduff T., Barnier B., and England M.H., 2011: Structure and Causes of the Pulsation Mode in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current South of Australia. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 41 (2), 253-268.


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