On December 26, 2013, the Grant Board of the Government of the Russian Federation established to provide governmental support to research projects implemented under the supervision of the world's leading scientists at Russian institutions of higher learning, research centers of the governmental academies of sciences, and governmental research centers of the Russian Federation announced the names of 42 scientists whose research projects ended up winning the fourth open grant competition of the Government of the Russian Federation designed to provide governmental support to research projects implemented under the supervision of the world's leading scientists at Russian institutions of higher learning, research organizations of the governmental academies of sciences, and governmental research centers of the Russian Federation.
Five hundred and three applications had been submitted to the fourth open grant competition. Two hundred and three leading scientists of the 503 competition participants were Russian citizens. Representatives of more than 40 countries took part in the competition, including the following: Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Great Britain, Hungary, Germany, Greece, Denmark, Israel, Ireland, Iceland, Spain, Italy, Canada, China, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, USA, Finland, France, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Sweden, Japan, etc. Nineteen scientists out of the 42 competition winners are Russian citizens (eleven of them have dual citizenship). The other competition winners represent Germany (six scientists), Italy (three scientists), the United States of America, Netherlands, and France (each represented by two scientists), as well as Great Britain, Greece, Mexico, Norway, Switzerland, Sweden, and Japan (each represented by one scientist).
The forty-two competition winners will be implementing their scientific research projects at 23 Russian institutions of higher learning (five of them, including the St. Petersburg State University, Siberian Federal University, Kazan National Technical Research University named after A. N. Tupolev – KAI, Tomsk Polytechnic National Research University, and Nizhniy Novgorod State University named after N. I. Lobachevsky, won two grants each) and 13 research centers (the Institute of Applied Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences won two grants). The Russian institutions of higher learning and research centers that have won the right to host the leading scientists' research projects are distributed regionally as follows: Moscow and St. Petersburg – each represented by eight winners, Nizhniy Novgorod region – represented by four winners, Novosibirsk and Tomsk regions – each represented by three winners, Moscow region, Sverdlovsk region, Krasnoyarsk region, and Republic of Tatarstan – each represented by two winners, and Altai, Perm, Primorye, Kaliningrad, Rostov, Saratov, Ulyanovsk, and Chelyabinsk regions – each represented by one winner.
Monetary grants of the Government of the Russian Federation are made available in amounts up to 90 million roubles each to support the implementation of eligible scientific research projects over the course of three years (2014 – 2016) with the possibility of renewal for an additional two years. Eligible institutions of higher learning and research centers must provide co-funding in the amount of not less than 25% of the grant amount raised from sources other than the federal budget. The grant competition was open to institutions of higher learning, research institutions of the governmental academies of sciences and governmental research centers of the Russian Federation. These organizations were eligible to participate in the competition in concert with Russian and foreign scientists recognized as unconditional leaders within their respective scientific disciplines (natural and exact sciences, technical engineering and technologies, medical and health sciences, agricultural sciences, social sciences, and humanities) and research fields. A leading scientist may participate in one grant-funded project only. The number of grant-funded projects implemented at a host institution is not limited. Pursuant to the terms and conditions of the open grant competition, every applicant from among leading scientists must undertake to personally supervise the progress of his/her research project by being physically present at his/her host institution of higher learning and/or host research organization for a total of at least four months in each calendar year for as long as the project in question is underway. Leading scientists must also undertake to ensure that project staff includes at least two candidates of sciences, three graduate and three undergraduate students attending the host institution of higher learning or at least three candidates of sciences and at least four graduate students attending the host research organization.
The applications were assessed against selection criteria falling within the following three groups: "Leading scientist's work experience and research achievements", "Research project's scientific viability and likelihood to achieve ground-breaking results of international quality", and "Host organization's current status and developmental dynamics, prospective image of the laboratory to be established under the project".